Minty, short for Araminta, was a feisty and headstrong young slave, whose rebellious spirit often got her into trouble. She told stories to her doll, released animals from traps, and, above all, dreamed of running away. And when her father began to teach her the skills necessary for escape, she listened carefully, and learned. This exquisitely crafted book resonates. Born into slavery, Belle had to endure the cruelty of several masters before she escaped to freedom. The People Could Fly. All are beautifully readable. With the added attraction of 40 wonderfully expressive paintings by the Dillons, this collection should be snapped up.
An award-winning celebration of an American hero. Dave was an extraordinary artist, poet, and potter living in South Carolina in the s. He combined his superb artistry with deeply observant poetry, carved onto his pots, transcending the limitations he faced as a slave. Book of Black Heroes from A to Z.
From science to politics, civil rights to entertainment, historic times to present day, men and women across the African diaspora have made important contributions to our world.see
Black History Children’s Books
Book of Black Heroes from A to Z shares with young readers the stories 54 pioneers whose courage, strength and lasting accomplishments have earned them the title hero. First published in and with more than , copies in print, Book of Black Heroes from A to Z has become a go to black history staple in classrooms, homes and libraries.
This updated edition includes expanded biographies, quotes and factoids, a two-page narrative honoring the th anniversary of the enactment of the Emancipation Proclamation and several new entries including a profile of President Barack Obama, the first African American elected President of the United States. Generations of protesters and civil rights pioneers have created new lyrics, beginning in royalist Britain and continuing through conflicts in colonial times, the American Revolution, the suffragist and labor movements, and the struggles for black and Native American civil rights.
Making plans to run away to find her was a secret game he played with friend Buka, an old African who lived at the edge of the farm. When the Civil War began, Obi knew it was time to run — or be sold again. But if he stayed, he might never know freedom. In this wonderful historical fiction, Hansen intersperses authentic black Gullah Island dialect with documented and little-known details of everyday life for slaves in their struggles before and after freedom. Out From This Place: Sequel to Which Way Freedom? After their daring run for freedom, Obi and Easter were separated in the confusion of the Civil War.
But now that the war is over and the slaves are free, Easter sets out to find her old friend and take control of her life, in the powerful sequel to the Coretta Scott King Honor Book Which Way Freedom? Just after the Civil War ends in , Patsy stays on at the North Carolina plantation where she was once a slave, hoping to reunite with her family. When a teacher who is supposed to arrive at the plantation is delayed, Patsy has the opportunity to use her talent. In the Shadow of Liberty.
These stories help us know the real people who were essential to the birth of this nation but traditionally have been left out of the history books. Their stories are true—and they should be heard. This thoroughly-researched and documented book can be worked into multiple aspects of the common core curriculum. Breaking Ground Breaking Silence.
How can we learn about the lives of African slaves in Colonial America? Often forbidden to read or write, they left few written records. A woman with filed teeth buried with a girdle of beads; a black soldier buried with his British Navy uniform, his face pointing east; a mother and child, laid to rest side by side: Now Is Your Time: The African American Struggle for Freedom. Since they were first brought as captives to Virginia, the people who would become African Americans have struggled for freedom. Thousands fought for the rights of all Americans during the Revolutionary War, and for their own rights during the Civil War.
On the battlefield, through education, and through their creative genius, they have worked toward one goal: Wells, and George Latimer, the struggle continues today. Here is African-American history, told through the stories of the people whose experiences have shaped and continue to shape the America in which we live. Here, in 64 powerful black-and-white paintings—some of them harshly realistic, others nightmarishly phantasmagoric—this noted artist tells a neglected part of the story of African-American slavery: In The Time of the Drums.
Some of the Africans who lived on the island made goatskin drums and played music to remind themselves of home.
Young Mentu was island born, but grandmother Twi had come from Africa. Thanks to Twi, Mentu learns to play the drums and respect the strength of the music. One day a new ship carrying Africans docked at Teakettle Creek. The beat of drums roared from the Africans inside the ship who were pounding for their homeland.
The beat calls to Twi, urging her to seek freedom. The recipient of the Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award in , this spellbinding story is now back in print. To Be a Slave. To be a slave. To be owned by another person, as a car, house, or table is owned. To live as a piece of property that could be sold. To know joy, laughter, sorrow, and tears and yet be considered only the equal of a table. To be a slave was to be a human being under conditions in which that humanity was denied.
Yet white owners pictured slaves as little more than dumb, brute animals, whose sole attributes were found in working, singing, and dancing. They were like children, and slavery was actually a benefit to them. Those who were slaves tell a different story. Here their stories are illustrated — in their words.
From a Slave Ship to Freedom. Rod Brown and Julius Lester bring history to life in this profoundly moving exploration of the slave experience. From the Middle Passage to the auction block, from the whipping post to the fight for freedom, this book presents not just historical facts, but the raw emotions of the people who lived them. It will capture the heart of every reader, black or white, young or old. Navigate the Journey from Slavery to Freedom. Would you risk your life on the Underground Railroad to gain freedom from slavery?
Navigate the Journey from Slavery to Freedom , readers ages 9 to 12 examine how slavery developed in the United States and what motivated abolitionists to work for its destruction. Readers follow true stories of enslaved people who braved patrols, the wilderness, hunger, and their own fear in a quest for freedom. Readers dissect primary sources, including slave narratives and runaway ads. Projects include composing a song with a hidden message and navigating by reading the nighttime sky.
Amidst the countless tragedies that centuries of slavery brought to African Americans lie tales of hope, resistance, courage, sacrifice, and victory—truly an American story. Who Was Harriet Tubman. It was from other field hands that she first heard about the Underground Railroad which she travelled by herself north to Philadelphia. Throughout her long life she died at the age of ninety-two and long after the Civil War brought an end to slavery, this amazing woman was proof of what just one person can do. African American Folktales and True Tales. Entrancing and important, this notable collaboration deserves a wide success.
This 24th book in the highly-regarded series explores an important aspect of America history often overlooked in textbooks. But from the time the colonies were settled in the s until the end of the Civil War in , millions of black people were bought and sold like goods. Where did the slaves come from? Where did they live when they were brought to this country? What kind of work did they do? With compassion and respect for the enslaved, this book answers questions children might have about this dismal era in American history.
This time, she and her brother Be Be meet a train full of people, and Be Be joins them. But the train departs before Cassie can climb aboard. With proper reverence, Weatherford and Nelson do justice to the woman who, long ago, lead hundreds of slaves to freedom. The Life of Olaudah Equiano.
Kidnapped at the age of 11 from his home in Benin, Africa, Olaudah Equiano spent the next 11 years as a slave in England, the U. His autobiography, published in , was a bestseller in its own time. Cameron has modernized and shortened it while remaining true to the spirit of the original. In searing scenes, Equiano describes the savagery of his capture, the appalling conditions on the slave ship, the auction, and the forced labor. The scraps of learning she has picked up here and there have just made her hungry for more.
The walk to school is long. Sometimes there are dangers lurking along the way, like angry white folks with rocks, or mysterious men on horseback. The schoolhouse is still unpainted, and its very plain, but Lizzie has never seen a prettier sight. This historical fiction picture book has proven to be a favorite for children. When someone deliberately burns the school down, it seems like all hope is lost. But the determination of their teacher and members of the community give this book a happy and hopeful ending.
Ellen always knew the broom resting above the hearth was special. Before it was legal for her mother and father to officially be married, the broom was what made them a family anyway. But now all former slaves who had already been married in their hearts could register as lawful husband and wife. When Ellen and her family make the long trip to the courthouse dressed in their best, she brings the broom her parents had jumped so many years before.
Even though freedom has come, Ellen knows the old traditions are important too. A lovely story with beautiful illustrations! Ben and the Emancipation Proclamation. This is the true story of a slave named Benjamin Holmes who taught himself to read by studying street signs. Though Ben was a hard-working, valued slave, he was sent to a slave prison when his master joined the Confederate army. Washington Built a School.
This has become a favorite book among children about Booker T. Washington, the former slave who became a teacher and built his own school for black students — the Tuskegee Institute. More Than Anything Else. This is a beautiful first-person narrative about the post-slavery era. Despite working all day at the saltworks, 9-year-old Booker is determined to learn to read and unlock the power of words.
It is a wonderfully written story. A Weed is a Flower: The Life of George Washington Carter. Born into slavery, this is the story of acclaimed scientist George Washington Carter. It is a vintage book , but kids still enjoy the lovely illustrations, the interesting story, and the captivating text. The character lessons included are invaluable and the illustrations stunning. In spite of all that was against him; being orphaned, kidnapped, son of slaves, denied education because of his color, no financial support, he succeeded in all of his endeavors.
I recommend this book to all children from 4 to A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman was born into slavery on a Maryland plantation in A rebellious child, she did not always do as she was told. She hated being a slave and escaped to the north on the Underground Railroad in During the next ten years, she used the money she earned at odd jobs to return to the south and lead about slaves to freedom.
Fifty Cents and a Dream: Born into slavery, young Booker T. Washington could only dream of learning to read and write.
After emancipation, Booker began a five-hundred-mile journey, mostly on foot, to Hampton Institute, taking his first of many steps towards a college degree. When he arrived, he had just fifty cents in his pocket and a dream about to come true. The young slave who once waited outside of the schoolhouse would one day become a legendary educator of freedmen. Award-winning artist Bryan Collier captures the hardship and the spirit of one of the most inspiring figures in American history, bringing to life Booker T.
Bad New for Outlaws: Sitting tall in the saddle, with a wide-brimmed black hat and twin Colt pistols on his belt, Bass Reeves seemed bigger than life as the first African American Deputy U. Law-abiding citizens respected him. He was cunning and fearless. For three decades, Bass was the most feared and respected lawman in the territories. He made more than 3, arrests as a crack shot with a quick draw. Born into slavery in , Bass had a hard start to life, but he also had a strong sense of right and wrong that others admired.
Throughout his life Banneker was troubled that all blacks were not free. Banneker attacked the institution of slavery and dared to call Jefferson a hypocrite for owning slaves. At a time when most African Americans were slaves, it includes his unique extraordinary correspondence with Thomas Jefferson. Picture book for ages 7 and above, illustrated by Caldecott Honor artist Brian Pinkney. This popular true story for children about the Muldies, an African American family travelling to Kansas after slavery, is full of adventure. Three young boys face the wilderness and encounter death, danger, freezing temperatures, and surprises as they venture to a new life and fresh start in virgin territory.
Ida Mae Jones dreams of flight. And while Ida Mae chases her dream, she must also decide who it is she really wants to be. In , an educated slave girl faces an inconceivable choice — between bondage and freedom, family and love. She believes her master is good to her and fears the rebel slave runaways. On the other side of the line is seventeen-year-old Cato, a black man, free born. But the family is harboring a terrible secret. And when Union soldiers arrive on their Texas plantation to announce that slaves have been declared free for nearly two years, Sis Goose is horrified to learn that the people she called family have lied to her for so long.
She runs away—but her newly found freedom has tragic consequences. Almost four years later, Cy yearns for that freedom, such as it was. Cy is sure that a chance at freedom is worth any risk, any sacrifice. This powerful, moving story opens a window on a painful chapter in the history of race relations. Besides, she has George falling all over himself to please her. One thing is clear, though: Light in the Darkness. Rosa and her mama go to school together—in the dark of night, silently, afraid that any noise they hear is a patroller on the lookout for escaped slaves.
Their school is literally a hole in the ground, where they and other slaves of all ages gather to form letters out of sticks, scratch letters in the dirt, and pronounce their sounds in whispers. Young Rosa is eager to learn the letters and then the words, because after the words comes reading. No matter how slow and dangerous the process might be, Rosa is determined to learn, and pass on her learning to others. Ages 6 — 8. He slips away one tearful night, leaving Hope, who knows she may never see her father again, with only a conch shell for comfort.
Its sound, Papa says, echoes the promised song of freedom. But then Lincoln finally does it: Frederick Douglas for Kids. Frederick Douglass for Kids follows the footsteps of this American hero, from his birth into slavery to his becoming a friend and confidant of presidents and the leading African American of his day. And to better appreciate Frederick Douglass and his times, readers will form a debating club, cook a meal similar to the one Douglass shared with John Brown, make a civil war haversack, participate in a microlending program, and more.
This valuable resource also includes a time line of significant events, a list of historic sites to visit or explore online, and Web resources for further study. But George was enslaved. Forced to work long hours, George was unable to attend school or learn how to read. Then he taught himself to read. Soon, he began composing poetry in his head and reciting it as he sold fruits and vegetables on a nearby college campus.
News of the slave poet traveled quickly among the students, and before long, George had customers for his poems. But George was still enslaved. Would he ever be free? In this powerful biography of George Moses Horton, the first southern African-American man to be published, Don Tate tells an inspiring and moving story of talent and determination. Nikki Grimes offers a glimpse into the inspiring lives of Susan B. Anthony and Harriet Tubman, with breathtaking illustrations by Michele Wood! What if Harriet Tubman and Susan B. Anthony sat down over tea to reminisce about their extraordinary lives?
What would they recall of their triumphs and struggles as they fought to achieve civil rights for African Americans and equal rights for women?
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And what other historical figures played parts in their stories? Two friends, Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass, get together for tea and conversation. They recount their similar stories fighting to win rights for women and African Americans. The premise of this particular exchange between the two is based on a statue in their hometown of Rochester, New York, which shows the two friends having tea. Anthony and Frederick Douglass. Bestselling author and journalist Amy Hill Hearth uncovers the story of a little-known figure in U.
In , a young African American woman named Elizabeth Jennings won a major victory against a New York City streetcar company, a first step in the process of desegregating public transportation in Manhattan. Age 8 — What do all these people have in common: They were all great African Americans. For parents and teachers interested in fostering cultural awareness among children of all races, this book includes more than 70 hands-on activities, songs, and games that teach kids about the people, experiences, and events that shaped African American history.
This expanded edition contains new material throughout, including additional information and biographies. Black Cowboy Wild Horses. Bob Lemmons is famous for his ability to track wild horses. He rides his horse, Warrior, picks up the trail of mustangs, then runs with them day and night until they accept his presence.
Bob and Warrior must then challenge the stallion for leadership of the wild herd. A victorious Bob leads the mustangs across the wide plains and for one last spectacular run before guiding them into the corral. In preparation for her performances, she went through months of training with a vocal coach. In the words of Shirley Bassey , who has cited Baker as her primary influence, " I swear in all my life I have never seen, and probably never shall see again, such a spectacular singer and performer.
Her star turn in a revival of Ziegfeld Follies on Broadway generated less than impressive box office numbers, and later in the run, she was replaced by Gypsy Rose Lee. Baker returned to Paris in , married the French industrialist Jean Lion, and became a French citizen. Baker collected what information she could about German troop locations from officials she met at parties.
She specialized in gatherings at embassies and ministries, charming people as she had always done, while gathering information. She attended parties and gathered information at the Italian embassy without raising suspicion. She housed people who were eager to help the Free French effort led by Charles de Gaulle and supplied them with visas. She carried information for transmission to England, about airfields, harbors, and German troop concentrations in the West of France. Notes were written in invisible ink on Baker's sheet music. Later in , she and her entourage went to the French colonies in North Africa.
The stated reason was Baker's health since she was recovering from another case of pneumonia but the real reason was to continue helping the Resistance. From a base in Morocco, she made tours of Spain. She pinned notes with the information she gathered inside her underwear counting on her celebrity to avoid a strip search. She met the Pasha of Marrakech , whose support helped her through a miscarriage the last of several. After the miscarriage, she developed an infection so severe it required a hysterectomy.
The infection spread and she developed peritonitis and then septicemia. After her recovery which she continued to fall in and out of , she started touring to entertain British, French, and American soldiers in North Africa. The Free French had no organized entertainment network for their troops, so Baker and her entourage managed for the most part on their own.
They allowed no civilians and charged no admission. However, she offered to sing in Cairo at a celebration of honor for the ties between Free France and Egypt, and asked Farouk to preside, a subtle indication of which side his officially neutral country leaned toward. Baker's last marriage, to French composer and conductor Jo Bouillon , ended around the time Baker opted to adopt her 11th child. In , a reinvented Baker returned in triumph to the Folies Bergere. Bolstered by recognition of her wartime heroics, Baker the performer assumed a new gravitas, unafraid to take on serious music or subject matter.
The engagement was a rousing success, and reestablished Baker as one of Paris' preeminent entertainers. In Baker was invited back to the United States for a nightclub engagement in Miami. After winning a public battle over desegregating the club's audience, Baker followed up her sold-out run at the club with a national tour.
Rave reviews and enthusiastic audiences accompanied her everywhere, climaxed by a parade in front of , people in Harlem in honor of her new title: Her future looked bright, with six months of bookings and promises of many more to come. An incident at the Stork Club interrupted and overturned her plans. Baker criticized the club's unwritten policy of discouraging black patrons, then scolded columnist Walter Winchell , an old ally, for not rising to her defense. Winchell responded swiftly with a series of harsh public rebukes, including accusations of Communist sympathies a serious charge at the time.
The ensuing publicity resulted in the termination of Baker's work visa, forcing her to cancel all her engagements and return to France.
Black History Children’s Books – Revolutionary War Journal
It was almost a decade before U. Her spectacular show in April broke attendance records. In , Baker visited Yugoslavia and made appearances in Belgrade and in Skopje. In her later career, Baker faced financial troubles. She commented, "Nobody wants me, they've forgotten me"; but family members encouraged her to continue performing. In she performed at Carnegie Hall to a standing ovation.
Advancing years and exhaustion began to take their toll; she sometimes had trouble remembering lyrics, and her speeches between songs tended to ramble. She still continued to captivate audiences of all ages.
When she arrived in New York with her husband Jo, they were refused reservations at 36 hotels because of racial discrimination. She was so upset by this treatment that she wrote articles about the segregation in the United States. She also began traveling into the South. Her insistence on mixed audiences helped to integrate live entertainment shows in Las Vegas, Nevada. In , Baker made charges of racism against Sherman Billingsley 's Stork Club in Manhattan, where she alleged she had been refused service.
The two women became close friends after the incident. Having read a Blumenthal-written story about Leonard Bernstein 's FBI file, he indicated that he had read his mother's FBI file and, using comparison of the file to the tapes, said he thought the Stork Club incident was overblown. The honor she was paid spurred her to further her crusading efforts with the " Save Willie McGee " rally after he was convicted of the beating death of a furniture shop owner in Trenton, New Jersey. As the decorated war hero whom was bolstered by the racial equality she experienced in Europe, Baker became increasingly regarded as controversial; some black people even began to shun her, fearing that her outspokenness and racy reputation from her earlier years would hurt the cause.
In , she spoke at the March on Washington at the side of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. Baker was the only official female speaker. After King's assassination, his widow Coretta Scott King approached Baker in the Netherlands to ask if she would take her husband's place as leader of the Civil Rights Movement. After many days of thinking it over, Baker declined, saying her children were "too young to lose their mother".
Josephine Baker was bisexual. The marriage was reportedly very unhappy and the couple divorced a short time later. Another short-lived marriage followed to Willie Baker in ; she retained Baker's last name because her career began taking off during that time, and it was the name by which she became best known. While she had four marriages to men, Jean-Claude Baker writes that Josephine also had several relationships with women. During her time in the Harlem Renaissance arts community, one of her relationships was with Blues singer Clara Smith. She and Lion separated in Lion died in of Spanish influenza.
She was later involved for a time with the artist Robert Brady, but they never married. During Baker's work with the Civil Rights Movement, she began adopting children, forming a family she often referred to as "The Rainbow Tribe". Baker wanted to prove that "children of different ethnicities and religions could still be brothers. In her later years, Baker converted to Roman Catholicism. Demand for seating was such that fold-out chairs had to be added to accommodate spectators.
Four days later, Baker was found lying peacefully in her bed surrounded by newspapers with glowing reviews of her performance. She was in a coma after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage. She has also been inducted into the St. It celebrates Baker's life and works. It is open to the public and displays her stage outfits including her banana skirt of which there are apparently several.
It also displays many family photographs and documents as well as her Legion of Honour medal. Most rooms are open for the public to walk through including bedrooms with the cots where her children slept, a huge kitchen, and a dining room where she often entertained large groups. The bathrooms were designed in art deco style but most rooms retained the French chateau style.
Baker continued to influence celebrities more than a century after her birth. In a interview with USA Today , Angelina Jolie cited Baker as "a model for the multiracial, mulitnational family she was beginning to create through adoption". On 3 June , the th anniversary of her birth, Google released an animated Google Doodle , which consists of a slideshow chronicling her life and achievements.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Rainbow Tribe. Cabaret music hall French pop French jazz. The Hungry Heart First ed. Retrieved 13 October The life of an artist and activist". Retrieved 3 June Qualitative Factors in Social Science Explanation". Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 6 March Victoria and Albert Museum. Official site of Josephine Baker. The Josephine Baker Estate. The Josephine Baker Story.
Icons of Black America: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries. Retrieved 12 June James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Josephine Baker in Art and Life. University of Illinois Press. The Life of Josephine Baker. The Oxford Companion to Jazz. Underneath a Harlem Moon Stephen Bourne 24 January Retrieved 29 April The First Black Superstar.
Official Josephine Baker website. Retrieved 12 January An interview with Josephine Baker". Retrieved 5 December Archived 25 October at the Wayback Machine. The First Black Super Star". Retrieved 18 June Vaudeville, Old and New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America, 2 volumes.
Josephine Baker in her time. United States of America:
Related 6. The Invisible Drum (Young Heroes of the American Revolution)
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